Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention

Authors & Co-Authors

James D. Bader, D.D.S., M.P.H.
James Bader is a research professor at the Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). His research interests are treatment outcomes and performance measurement. He has been principal investigator for a variety of studies supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). Dr. Bader has been a member of the AHRQ Health Services Research and Dissemination Study Section and served as a member and chair of AHRQ and NIDCR special review groups. He was scientific director for the AHRQ-supported Dental Evidence-based Practice Center from 2000 to 2003, editor of the Journal of Dental Education from 1986 to 2001, and dental scholar-in-residence at AHRQ from 1998 to 1999. He currently serves as associate editor for evidence-based dental practice for the Journal of the American Dental Association.

Vaishnavi Bhaskar, B.D.S., M.S.
Vaishnavi Bhaskar began her career in dentistry while working toward her undergraduate degree in India. During this time, she was involved in facilitating access to oral health care for the underserved through oral health outreach camps in the country. She then came to the United States to continue her education. While working toward her master's degree, she served as a graduate researcher on projects related to early childhood caries and oral health in children. She is currently pursuing her D.D.S. degree at the University of Michigan. Her interests include preventing dental caries, oral health care for medically compromised individuals, and oral health disparities in children.

Linda Boyd, R.D.H., R.D., Ed.D.
Linda Boyd is dean and a professor at the Forsyth School of Dental Hygiene, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University. Before entering the education field, she worked in general and periodontal dental practices for 20 years. She has served in faculty and administrative positions in dental and dental hygiene education in Georgia, Idaho, Oregon, and Massachusetts. She teaches at both the undergraduate and the graduate level and supervises graduate thesis research. Dr. Boyd has published widely in the area of nutrition and oral health as well as on educational topics in peer-reviewed journals. She has also been a contributing editor for nutrition and oral health textbooks, including Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist (12th ed.). She served as a content expert for Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' nutrition and oral health position papers and was a co-author for the oral health and nutrition practice paper.

Paul Casamassimo, D.D.S., M.S.
Paul Casamassimo is a professor at the Division of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University and an attending in the Department of Dentistry, Nationwide Children's Hospital. He has taught at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry and the University of Colorado School of Dentistry. He is former editor in chief of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's (AAPD's) journal Pediatric Dentistry and is also a past president of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Dr. Casamassimo has authored over 350 publications including three books, 39 text chapters, and seven monographs in the areas of pediatric dentistry, care of children with special health care needs, and oral health education. His research interests include the oral health of children with special health care needs, health services research, and oral health disparities. Dr. Casamassimo a diplomate of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry.

Donald Chi, D.D.S., Ph.D.
Donald Chi is an associate professor of oral health sciences at the University of Washington. His research program focuses on the behavioral determinants of access to oral health care for children with special health care needs who are Medicaid beneficiaries. He is also engaged in research on how neighborhood settings influence oral health outcomes for adolescents who are Medicaid beneficiaries. He has received numerous awards and has published over 130 peer-reviewed manuscripts, book chapters, and abstracts. He is a consultant to the AAPD Council on Scientific Affairs and chair of the AAPD Evidence-Based Dentistry Committee. He also serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Dentistry for Children and BioMedCentral Oral Health and is part of the AAPD Advanced Leadership Institute at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Chi teaches public health to dental students and residents and devotes his extramural clinical practice to providing oral health care to Alaska Native children in the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta. He is board certified in pediatric dentistry and dental public health.

Frances Chu, M.L.I.S., M.S.N.
Frances Chu is the clinical liaison and content librarian at University of Washington (UW) Health Sciences Library, where she supports all UW Medicine clinicians with their research as well as their education and quality-improvement work. She has worked in the information and library field since 2006 in various settings, ranging from pharmaceutical companies to a consulting company performing systematic reviews for academic libraries. Ms. Chu also works at Gonzaga University teaching in and supporting the nursing research program. She is a registered nurse and before becoming a librarian worked as a nurse practitioner for a family practice.

Patricia Crawford, Dr.P.H., R.D.
Patricia Crawford is the senior director of research at the Nutrition Policy Institute (NPI), Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. Before joining NPI, she co-founded and directed the Center for Weight and Health at the University of California at Berkeley for 15 years. She is a cooperative extension nutrition specialist as well as an adjunct professor in the School of Public Health at University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Crawford led the 10-year longitudinal National Health Lung and Blood Institute's Growth and Health Study, an epidemiologic study on the development of obesity in African-American and white girls and Fit WIC, the five-state obesity prevention initiative in WIC. She is currently leading studies to evaluate a wide variety of national and state nutrition programs and policies. Dr. Crawford served on the California Legislative Task Force on Diabetes and Obesity and chaired the Institute of Medicine's Workshop on Food Insecurity and Obesity.

Kimon Divaris, D.D.S., Ph.D.
Kimon Divaris is associate professor and research director at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in the School of Dentistry and adjunct associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, both at UNC. He is a board-certified pediatric dentist. His research interests are diverse and include proximal and distal determinants of oral health and disease, ranging from genomics of oral health traits and behavioral sciences to health disparities and dental education. Dr. Divaris has made many scholarly contributions, has served as editor for numerous publications, and has been the recipient of national and international awards. He is actively involved in teaching, research funded by the National Institutes of Health, and clinical practice.

Diane Dooley, M.D., M.H.S.
Diane Dooley is associate clinical professor at the Department of Family and Community Medicine in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, and medical director of the Pediatric Obesity Disease Management Program (Go!Club) at Contra Costa Health Plan, a Medicaid managed care plan with 180,000 enrollees from families with low incomes. She is a board certified pediatrician who works as the pediatric quality physician for Contra Costa Health Plan. Her interests include pediatric obesity, quality of care for children, breastfeeding promotion, and preventing early childhood caries. For the past 30 years, Dr. Dooley has dedicated her career to providing pediatric care to children from families with low incomes in the San Francisco Bay Area. She is co-founder of and an active participant in Contra Costa's Healthy & Active Before 5, a collaborative initiative to reduce early childhood obesity. She also led and published a 4-year quality initiative that resulted in the application of fluoride varnish to 95 percent of young children seen for well child exams at the Contra Costa Regional Medical Center.

Mary E. Foley, R.D.H., M.P.H.
Mary E. Foley is a licensed dental hygienist in Massachusetts and executive director of the Medicaid | Medicare | CHIP Services Dental Association (MSDA). Since joining MSDA, Ms. Foley has been instrumental in broadening national and state-level stakeholder collaboration, raising awareness about the importance of oral health, annually convening a National Medicaid-CHIP oral health symposium, and advancing state program policy and protocols to improve health and health care and reduce costs for Medicaid programs and their beneficiaries. Previously, she served as dean of the Forsyth School of Dental Hygiene at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University. She also served as program director for Improving Perinatal and Infant Oral Health, a national provider initiative funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration, and as director of the Office of Oral Health, Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

Julie Frantsve-Hawley, R.D.H., Ph.D.
Julie Frantsve-Hawley is the executive director of the American Association of Public Health Dentistry, the editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Evidence-Based Practice for Dental Hygienists, and an editor of the textbook Evidence-Based Dentistry for the Dental Hygienist, both published by Quintessence Publishing. She was senior director of the American Dental Association's Center for Evidence-based Dentistry for 10 years and has been a research investigator on several grants from AHRQ, NIDCR, and the National Library of Medicine. She is involved in dissemination and implementation research projects aimed at helping clinicians implement science into practice and is a member of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. She is also an executive scholar of the Nonprofit Management Program at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management.

Michael Glick, D.M.D.
Michael Glick is William M. Feagans chair and a professor at the School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo, State University of New York. Dr. Glick has authored more than 250 journal publications and numerous book chapters and has edited and co-edited 10 books. He served as chair for the World Dental Federation's Vision 2020 and has lectured extensively both within the United States and internationally. Dr. Glick was an early leader in addressing oral health issues for medically complex patients and recognizing the importance of understanding the nature of the oral-systemic disease relationship. He is past-president of the American Board of Oral Medicine and editor of The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Herta Granado, B.S.
Herta Granado recently received her Bachelor of Science degree in molecular and cellular biology from Johns Hopkins University. During her undergraduate career, she was vice president of Students United with America's Toothfairy, a club dedicated to outreach and oral health education for students attending elementary schools in Baltimore, and a member of the Johns Hopkins University Pre-Dental Society. Currently, Ms. Granado is preparing to apply to dental schools for fall 2017.

Barbara L. Greenberg, M.Sc., Ph.D.
Barbara L. Greenberg is a professor of epidemiology and chair at the Department of Epidemiology and Community Health in the School of Health Sciences and Practice, New York Medical College. She has more than 25 years of research experience working in applied epidemiology with an early focus in the areas of infectious disease, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS and a more recent focus on chronic disease and the oral-systemic disease relationship. Since 2007 her research interest and commitment has expanded to focus on engaging oral health professionals in efforts to control chronic diseases of public health significance that may also impact oral health care. Dr. Greenberg and colleagues from the oral health research community have been working on an expanded role for oral health professionals in early disease risk screening for medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and HIV. She has published several peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters in this area. She has been a principal investigator and co-principal investigator on several funded research grants to address a variety of important public and global health concerns.

Monique Luu, B.A.
Monique Luu is a Doctor of Dental Surgery candidate at the UW School of Dentistry. She completed her undergraduate studies at UW, where she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics. She is the community outreach coordinator for the Hispanic Student Dental Association Chapter at UW, the American Student Dental Association class representative, and a member of the UW School of Dentistry Student Research Group.

Kathleen A. McGraw, M.A., M.L.S.
Kathleen (Kate) A. McGraw is the School of Dentistry librarian and assistant department head of the Health Sciences Library at UNC. During her tenure as a public service librarian at UNC, she has developed a high level of expertise in searching and guiding others in searching the biomedical literature. In her current role, she consults with researchers to help them acquire and manage the body of literature relevant to their field so that it can be easily retrieved and shared. Since 2006, she has been actively involved with conducting and teaching others how to conduct and report high-quality systematic review searches.

Lisa Mallonee, B.S.D., M.P.H., R.D.H., R.D., L.D.
Lisa Mallonee is an associate professor at the Caruth School of Dental Hygiene Program, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry. She teaches at both the undergraduate and the graduate level. Additionally, she serves as preceptor for Baylor University Medical Center, providing a supervised rotation for dietetic interns at the TAMBCD dental hygiene clinic. Ms. Mallonee is a nationally and internationally recognized speaker. She is regarded as an expert in the area of diet and nutrition; she has served as an expert content reviewer for organizations including the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the National Diabetes Education Program, and the National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. Ms. Mallonee has published in dental hygiene textbooks and peer reviewed journals on multiple topics pertaining to diet, nutrition, and oral health, and on practical application to whole-body health for dietetics professionals and oral health professionals.

Timothy S. Martinez, D.M.D.
Timothy S. Martinez is a clinical professor and associate dean for community partnerships and access to care at the College of Dental Medicine, University of New England. For over 25 years, he has worked in both private and public oral health settings, treating underserved populations. Dr. Martinez was instrumental in securing funding to establish three Medicaid community dental practices in rural Massachusetts. In addition, he is the former owner of two private dental practices that served vulnerable populations near Cape Cod. Dr. Martinez was state Medicaid dental director for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 2006 to 2009 and in that capacity implemented regulatory changes crucial to increasing access to oral health services for Medicaid beneficiaries. He has presented on interprofessional collaborative practice models nationally and has been instrumental in launching school-based oral health centers in several school districts in Southern California. Dr. Martinez has consulted on a variety of oral health projects with private, state, and federal agencies that focus on improving health outcomes for vulnerable populations.

Nikki Moultrie, M.S., R.D.H.A.P.
Nikki Moultrie is a registered dental hygienist in alternative practice and a professor at and program director of the Dental Programs at Diablo Valley College. Her experience includes working with the Contra Costa County Public Health Department as program manager for the Children's Oral Health Program. In 2010, Ms. Moultrie became project liaison for a fluoride varnish research project that was implemented at the eight Contra Costa safety net health centers. In 2012, she was appointed to serve as a member of the Dental Hygiene Committee of California. As part of her graduate work, she expanded her role with the fluoride varnish research project to include facilitating focus groups and individual interviews with treatment nurses and the site manager to explore ideas related to program sustainability.

Ankit Sanghavi, B.D.S., M.P.H.
Ankit Sanghavi is a public health research analyst at the Texas Health Institute (THI). Dr. Sanghavi received degrees in dentistry and health policy and management. He is involved in a range of research and evaluation programs at THI aimed at improving oral health through research, policy, advocacy, and program development. His past projects includes a unique program evaluation based on a time-motion study that he designed and conducted for the St. David Foundation's flagship mobile dental program. He serves on several statewide public health and oral health coalitions and committees. Recently, he was nominated for and is serving as the Texas state representative on the regional oral health connections team of the DentaQuest Foundation's national Oral Health 2020 program.

Nadia J. Siddiqui, M.P.H.
Nadia Siddiqui is director of health equity programs at THI. She directs a range of research and evaluation programs at THI aimed at advancing health equity for racially and ethnically diverse populations as well as for individuals with low incomes. Recently, she led and directed THI's efforts to monitor and report on the Affordable Care Act's opportunities, implications, and implementation progress from a health-equity perspective, covering the topics of health insurance, the safety net, payment and delivery reform, work force diversity, and public health and prevention. Ms. Siddiqui writes and presents frequently on health-equity-related topics; her publications include book chapters and articles in the journal Health Affairs. She has also presented at national conferences, including those of the American Public Health Association, Families USA, the National Association of County and City Health Officials, the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities, and the National Institutes of Health.

Cynthia Stegeman, Ed.D., R.D.H., R.D., L.D., C.D.E., FAND
Cynthia Stegeman is chair and a professor at the Dental Hygiene Department, University of Cincinnati Blue Ash College. Dr. Stegeman has been working in the health care field for over 35 years as a dental hygienist, registered dietitian, and certified diabetes educator. She has been involved with funding, creating, and implementing several community oral health outreach programs for children and individuals with low incomes. As a dietitian, Dr. Stegeman has expertise in obesity, eating disorders, diabetes, cardiac rehabilitation, and sports nutrition. She has also served as director of a Cincinnati dietetic internship program. In addition, she is a diabetes educator in a large multihospital system in Cincinnati. She has been an invited speaker at state, national, and international conferences and has published over 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Stegman is currently working on the fifth edition of her textbook, The Dental Hygienist's Guide to Nutritional Care.

Elsie Stines, D.N.P., C.R.N.P.
Elsie Stines is a pediatric nurse practitioner at the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Maryland Hospital for Children. Dr. Stines works in collaboration with physicians—and independently—to care for children with a variety of gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders. Her areas of interest and expertise are childhood obesity, interprofessional education and practice, diversity and inclusion, and social justice. Her doctoral scholarly project, “Evaluation of a Childhood Obesity Screening Program in a Pediatric Dental Clinic,” focused on the importance of collaboration in addressing the childhood obesity epidemic.

Mary Tavares, D.M.D., M.P.H.
Mary Tavares is program director of the advanced graduate program in dental public health, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, as well as a senior clinical investigator at the Forsyth Institute. She is a former Robert Wood Johnson fellow in health services research. Dr. Tavares is past president of the behavioral, epidemiological, and health services research section of the International Association of Dental Research and serves as the Forsyth Institute representative to the Massachusetts Coalition for Oral Health. Her research interests include impacting the oral health of the public, particularly in the area of clinical outcomes research, and expansion of the traditional roles of oral health professionals to include systemic health assessments and interventions. Currently, she is focusing her work on developing and testing an intervention to prevent childhood obesity through routine dental visits. She is also studying the relationships between sleep and obesity, metabolic syndrome, and oral health.

Clemencia M. Vargas, D.D.S., Ph.D.
Clemencia M. Vargas is an associate professor at the Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Maryland School of Dentistry. Her research focuses on socioeconomic inequalities in children's oral health, an area in which she has published numerous scientific articles. She has a strong interest in improving oral health at the community level. She is the faculty advisor for several dental student groups that emphasize community service. She was a member of the Institute of Medicine committee that wrote the report Advancing Oral Health in America.

Jean A. Welsh, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.N.
Jean Welsh is a nutritional epidemiologist and an assistant professor at Emory University's Departments of Pediatrics (School of Medicine) and Epidemiology (Rollins School of Public Health). Dr. Welsh has over 25 years of domestic and international public health program development and related research experience. Her research agenda is focused on identifying dietary and diet-related risk factors that increase children's risk for obesity and chronic disease and determining strategies for modifying these risk factors. She has published many papers examining the role of sugar-sweetened beverages and other sources of dietary sugars in the U.S. diet. Dr. Welsh is research director for the Strong4Life Initiative at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, where programmatic and research efforts are focused on reducing obesity prevalence among children in Georgia. She is also a member of the American Heart Association, the American Society of Nutrition, and the Obesity Society.

J. Timothy Wright, D.D.S., M.S.
Tim Wright is the James W. Bawden Distinguished Professor and director of strategic initiatives at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dr. Wright previously served as chair of the Department of Pediatrics and interim chair of the Department of Endodontics. He is a diplomat of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and a fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science. He has published over 185 peer-reviewed scientific manuscripts, authored 22 text chapters, and edited two texts. Dr. Wright has been chair of the Council for Scientific Affairs for the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Dental Association. He serves on multiple editorial boards and on Scientific Advisory Boards for several family support groups. Dr. Wright's research interests include cardiology, genetics, and craniofacial development. The National Institutes of Health has provided funding to support his work for over 25 years.

Robin Wright, Ph.D., M.A.
Robin Wright is assistant director of the Pediatric Oral Health Research and Policy Center, AAPD. Previously, Dr. Wright served as president of Wright Communications and presented over 500 seminars to oral health audiences, including the Yankee, the Hinman, and annual sessions of AAPD, the Academy of General Dentistry, and the American Dental Association. She has also provided educational needs assessments and seminars to professional associations on communications, practice management, and public policy issues. Dr. Wright has taught communications courses at five universities and two dental schools and has served as a media consultant to more than 40 health care organizations. She is the author of over 70 publications, including the book Tough Questions, Great Answers: Responding to Patient Concerns About Today's Dentistry.